Romanesque Architecture

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style that resembles the ancient Roman structures, specifically those dating from the 2nd century AD. Romanesque architecture is also a genre, specifically an exclusive kind of monumental architectural sculpture, which is a reinterpretation of the earlier Roman styles from the past. It also falls into the “Romanicisms” category that includes the most well-known styles such as Gothic and Greek architecture. The Romanesque style is sometimes called “Roman Deco” because in a lot of places it appears to have been influenced by the classical Roman architecture of the period. However it has its own unique characteristic and was not part of any actual Roman architectural plan. It is visible in such locations as Bath and the Somerset coastal area.

Romanesque architecture was made famous by the architect Vitruvius. In the 1st century AD Vitruvius became one of the most important members of the Roman Academy. Romanesque architecture typically utilizes massive elements, such as columns, naves (sometimes known as “pipes”) and very thick walls. There are many obvious connections between the Romanesque style and local traditions.

Romanesque architecture was full of stylized friezes. Figurative murals often decorate the walls of baths as well as other public structures. Additionally, Romanesque building materials frequently comprise brick and stone. Stone was used to create bricks and clay tiles in the early centuries. Later stone was used for the construction of roads and pavements.

Romanesque architecture is renowned for its use of gable roofs. Romanesque roofs are generally positioned at an angle to the wall. Later architectural styles adopted this characteristic. In Gothic architecture, for example, the roof points to the west. Romanesque buildings often have what are called “Roman cornices”.

Romanesque architecture also featured many arches. Arches were originally used to support the roof and they are still frequently used in Romanesque housing. The Romanesque piers were usually supported by columns. The Romanesque churches of the middle age are often compared with pagodas due to their intricate designs. The Romanesque churches differ from the simpler pagodas because they have more intricate staircases. This could have required the use of large pilasters. The Romanesque design of the Romanesque columns and piers was further accentuated by the mosaics used.

Romanesque architecture is complex and varied in terms of scale. The majority of Romanesque structures are similar in size, but they differ in the details of their designs. โรมาเนสก์ A Romanesque town hall might include an outer ring with bifold doors, whereas a Romanesque structure could have a large porta cochere that is covered (a section that connects all the rooms). These structures usually follow the same geometric pattern, but the pattern is often mixed with other elements of the architecture. For instance columns and arches may overlap one another and the villas or chapels may not have arches or columns at all.


Understanding the primary objectives of learning is crucial to understand the differences in Romanesque architecture and the pre-roman period. There are three kinds of learning objectives for Romanesque architecture: utilitarian, religious, and political. Religious goals are geared towards the worship of the goddesses or gods of Rome. The motives behind Romanesque architecture are the creation of monuments for the gods and public spaces, such as streets, pathways, and public fountains, as well as monuments to the Roman military. Finally, political goals are meant to reflect the cultural and social values that the Roman state possesses.

The most striking characteristic of Romanesque architecture in comparison to pre-roman periods is the absence of ornamentation in its buildings. Romanesque architecture’s homes aren’t like other public spaces with elaborate arches and columns. The style is distinguished by straight lines and sharp angles as well as simple forms and unadorned shapes. This creates the Romanesque architecture an “closed” appearance that some art historians liken to the Seville Cathedral (the last Roman Catholic Church). Romanesque architecture can be seen in the Romanesque arched walkways of Verona and the portico of Milan’s Dominican church.

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